The “Voyager 1” probe was launched on September 5, 1977, from “Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Space Launch Complex 41” (SLC-41), previously launch Complex 41 (LC-41), an active launch site at the north end of Cape Canaveral, Florida at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (CCAFS), an installation of the United States Air Force Space Command’s 45th Space Wing, headquartered at nearby Patrick Air Force Base.
In spaceflight, a “launch vehicle” or “carrier rocket” is a rocket used to carry a payload from the Earth’s surface into outer space. Titan IIE or “Titan 3E,” also known as “Titan III-Centaur,” an American expendable launch system, launched seven times between 1974 and 1977 is where “Voyager 1” was aboard; Centaur is a rocket stage designed for use as the upper stage of space launch vehicles.
The twin “Voyager 2” spacecraft, a 722-kilogram (1,592 lb) space probe, had been launched by NASA two weeks earlier, on August 20, 1977, to study the outer Solar System and eventually interstellar space. Despite being launched later, “Voyager 1” reached both Jupiter and Saturn sooner, following a shorter trajectory.